Web Performance: the environmental costs

Downloading 1GB of data may use as much as two hundred litres of water.

Bora Ristic, Imperial College London via the BBC World Service

An interesting take on the potential impact for water conserving design on data centres. Also for the ethics of serving bloated, inefficient, content and code to n* end-users over multiple sessions and time.

Poor web performance harms the both the user experience and the environment; an interesting metric to consider and to measure!

Building a user-first culture

user research issue ranking

We ran summative usability tests for some critical user journey’s for the new UCL Undergraduate Prospectus student recruitment site. The penny dropped and future projects will include users’ from the start.

It’s an important project because the domain accounts for 23% of traffic to the UCL website and contributes significantly to the £326m / year in revenue from students.

Issue prioritisation

The super-useful red routes issue prioritisation flowchart is projected for reference…

user research issue summarisation
Post user research issue summarisation workshop. Normally I would run these with fewer participants, but stakeholder buy-in for user research was one of the main objectives.

Further reading

Digital Transformation means bridging the divide with reality

Digital Adaptation by Paul Boag

The people farthest from understanding the technology are often the ones making the strategic decisions Dennis Kardys Great opening quote in Paul Boag’s book Digital Adaptation. The inference is that the people most removed from digital publishing are senior management and their influencers. This is often true, certainly in the higher-education sector. However I might … Read more

Mentoring in Design Jams: Four Tips

Design Jam

Mentoring a team in a Design Jam is an excellent way to sharpen your facilitation and leadership skills. This is what I learned, and techniques I tried, at CityStarters and VISA Europe’s Jam to explore the future of payments #beyondplastic.

  1. Icebreaking
  2. Time Management
  3. “Yes, and…” facilitation
  4. Task Delegation


Simple icebreaking games can seem corny, especially to our British sense of reserve. However, when done well, they can help a diverse group of strangers rapidly coalesce into a team of co-creators with a dynamic to get them through the rest of the Jam. Dave Gray’s Gamestorming Wiki is a great place to start looking for ideas.

It’s also important for the mentor to stress that each team member is different. Everyone will have a different point of reference, aptitudes and experience. The team members may also wish to practice roles and skills that are under utilised in their normal life or role. Consider steering the group in this direction as a successor activity to the icebreaking.

Summary: icebreaking requires strong facilitation and prior preparation by the mentor, but it will setup the team dynamic for the rest of the activities.

Time Management

This is essential for the group to understand and meet its milestones and to progress successfully throughout the Jam. Look for and think about:

  • whether the group identifies this as a requirement?
  • do they allocate a role of time keeper?
  • what kind of time management oversight is happening (and if it is effective)?
  • are they creating mini-milestones / chunking their time within a sprint?
  • have they factored for any contingency time?

Summary: each sprint is intense, and there can be multiple and concurrent conversations and work streams. It’s easy for the team (and for the mentor) to forget about this essential criteria for successful delivery.

“Yes, and…” facilitation

The “Yes, and…” rule is one of the core protocols of improvised theatre. It’s designed to unlock creative ideas by deliberately preventing other team members from negating the contribution of someone in the team. Rather they must accept, build-upon and extend the idea by saying “Yes, and…” prior to their contribution. Some examples:

  • engenders an acceptance based approach to new and unfamiliar ideas
  • helps defuse any ego and innate, or inherited, control assumptions brought into the Jam
  • facilitates rapid development of trust, collaboration, communication and confidence through out the team

Summary: the mentor should observe the dynamic of the group and consider introducing “Yes, and…” if there are conflicts, exclusions or a limited level of communication, listening and creativity.

Task Delegation

It’s probable that the team will need to divide or work on parallel tasks during the sprints in the Jam. Ensure that you think about the diverse mix of skills and personalities that make up the team when this happens. This might be an opportunity to steer the team (or team members) into sub-teams that complement each other in terms of skill, or in terms of their personal benefit from the Jam.


  • pairing people with diverse or complimentary attributes to help facilitate an exchange of skill and involvement in the task
  • forming smaller sub-teams so that quieter members of the group can make stronger contributions. These can then be reported back to the main team when it reforms.
  • achieving greater productivity within the time constraints and building trust within the team

It’s also important to watch for any splitting into factions that mars working toward their common objective. For example: continuing to work of parallel solutions after the idea storming phase is complete.

Summary: use the beginning of each sprint consider the team dynamic, the objectives of the team members and the task in hand. Provide guidance to the group as needed.

Find Design Jams

Johanna Kollmann used to run DesignJams.org, and DesignJam London, but sadly this site was taken down in 2014. The only options I’m aware of are:

Let me know in the comments if this changes, or if there are more.


Here is a post-jam video summarising the experience (featuring Team Six!):